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The Top 5 Types of Cyber Security Threats


1. Malware:

This is a type of malicious software that is designed to damage or disable computers. It can be spread through email attachments, websites, and social media. There are many different types of malware, including spyware, Trojans, worms and viruses. Establishing smart security measures, such as using anti-virus software and keeping your operating system up to date, can help protect you from malware.

So how do I protect myself from malware?

Antivirus software works by scanning files and identifying anything that may be malicious. If a piece of malware is found, the antivirus software will then attempt to quarantine or remove the threat. In addition, antivirus software can also provide real-time protection by blocking suspicious websites and email attachments. While antivirus software cannot provide 100% protection against all threats, it is an essential tool in the fight against malware.

2. Phishing:

This is a type of online scam that involves tricking people into revealing personal information, such as passwords or credit card numbers. Phishing scams often take the form of emails or website pop-ups that look like they’re from a legitimate source, but are actually fake. Never click on links or enter your personal information into a website unless you’re sure it’s legitimate.

How does a company protect itself and their employees against Phishing attacks?

Phishing training is one of the best ways to protect against phishing attacks. By educating users on how to identify phishing emails and websites, organizations can help to protect themselves from these attacks. Phishing training typically includes examples of phishing emails and websites, as well as tips on how to spot them. It may also include quizzes or other exercises to test users’ knowledge. By investing in phishing training, organizations can help their employees stay one step ahead of the attackers.

3. Denial-of-service (DoS) Attacks:

This is a type of attack that involves flooding a website or server with so much traffic that it becomes overwhelmed and crashes. DDoS attacks can be devastating to businesses, as they can take down websites and prevent customers from being able to access important information or make purchases.

How does one protect their websites from DoS Attacks?

There are a few different ways to protect against DoS attacks. One is to use a network firewall to block incoming traffic from known attacker IP addresses. Another is to rate-limit traffic so that even if an attacker is able to send a large amount of traffic, it will not overwhelm the system. Finally, it is also possible to use Denial-of-Service Protection Systems (DPS) which are specially designed to detect and block DoS attacks. By using one or more of these methods, it is possible to effectively protect against Denial-of-Service attacks.

4. SQL Injection:

This is a type of attack that takes advantage of vulnerabilities in web-based applications to inject malicious code into the database. This can allow attackers to access sensitive data, such as customer information or financial records.

What can you do to protect yourself keep yourself safe from SQL Injection attacks?

There are a few simple defense mechanisms that can be put in place to protect against SQL injection attacks. Firstly, input validation should be used to detect and reject malicious input before it has a chance to be passed to the SQL statement for execution. Secondly, parameterized SQL queries should be used instead of manual string concatenation in SQL statements. This will help to ensure that SQL code cannot be injected into the parameters of the query. Finally, database permissions should be properly configured so that only authorized users have access to sensitive data. By taking these simple precautions, it is possible to significantly reduce the risk of SQL injection attacks.

5. Identity Theft:

This is a type of crime where someone fraudulently obtains and uses another person’s personal information, such as their Social Security number or credit card number, for their own gain. Identity theft can lead to financial loss and damage to your credit rating. To protect yourself from identity theft, never give out your personal information online or over the phone unless you’re sure you’re dealing with a legitimate company.

How do I keep my identity and my employees’ identities safe?

Identity theft is a serious problem that can have a lasting impact on your finances and your reputation. However, there are steps you can take to protect yourself from this type of fraud. One of the most important things you can do is to keep your personal information safe. Be careful about sharing your Social Security number, birth date, or bank account information with anyone who doesn’t need it. Consider using email encryption and time-sensitive communication for sharing sensitive data. Both Microsoft 365 and Google Workspace offer these tools to protect sensitive shared data. You should also be cautious about how you dispose of sensitive documents, such as credit card statements and tax returns. Identity thieves can access these documents if they are not properly shredded or disposed of.

Another way to protect yourself is to monitor your online accounts regularly for any suspicious activity. If you see something that doesn’t look right, don’t hesitate to contact your financial institution or the credit bureau. Use a reputable password manager that uses biometrics to store all your passwords, encrypt them and audits all passwords to look for duplicates or weak passwords. Lastpass and Passible are good options.

All online accounts must use Multi-factor Authentication. If an online service does not support this, it is a good reason not to use their service. Online accounts protected by passwords alone are easily hacked.

By taking these precautions, you can help to prevent identity theft and protect yourself from the potential financial damage it can cause.

By understanding the different types of cybersecurity threats out there, you can take steps to protect yourself and your business. Stay informed and be vigilant about the latest scams and attacks to keep your information safe.